No. 2022.07
A unique continuation theorem for exterior differential forms on Riemannian manifolds with boundary
W. Gerner
Subject: Strong unique continuation, Beltrami fields, curl operator, harmonic forms, nodal sets


Aronszajn, Krzywicki and Szarski proved a strong unique continuation result for differential forms, satisfying a certain first order differential inequality, on Riemannian manifolds with empty boundary. The present paper extends this result to the setting of Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary, assuming suitable boundary conditions on the differential forms. We then present some applications of this extended result. Namely, we show that the Hausdorff dimension of the zero set of harmonic Neumann and Dirichlet forms, as well as eigenfields of the curl operator (on 3-manifolds), has codimension at least 2. Again, these bounds were known in the setting of manifolds without boundary, so that the merit is once more the inclusion of boundary points.